Content Index

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21 Preparing for a Program Audit

This article is concerned with how to measure the efficacy of a cognitive behavior management culture. In order to do so, one must find a consistent understanding and implementation of cognitive behavior management messages from management to staff and staff to clients.

20 Criteria For Psychological Intervention

The protocols for referral for psychological services need to be clearly identified and related to expected outcomes. Too often referents are unclear as to what constitutes a problems that should be addressed psychologically and psychological counselors are unclear about expected outcomes.

19 Finding and Using Evidence

Is evidence-based a process that human services should use and what evidence should be collected. Evidence: Something that gives a sign or proof of the existence or truth of something or that helps somebody to come to a particular conclusion.

18 Quality is Personal

The working presumption of this endeavor is that people will feel better about themselves and about their work if they believe that they are successfully performing an important job at a high level of quality.

17 The Need For Change

The following ‘white paper’ was developed as a guide to help solve the problems caused by government expenditures and the ineffective results. While written decades ago, the issues still remain relevant.

15 The Problem with ‘Problems’

Changing paradigms is not easy. But focusing on problems avoids focusing on solutions. The questions is ‘Who’s solutions shall we provide?’. LaZara has posed the question of problems from the perspective of business management. This article examines the implications for the helping professions administrators.

14 Addressing Behavioral Issues in Education

Background Walker and Bullis [1991] have observed that school children must make two primary adjustments in school. One involves adjusting to the behavioral expectations and demands of the teachers in the classroom, and includes obedience to classroom rules, attending...

13 The Development of Social Competence in Children

Almost everything we do involves either interacting with other persons or inhibiting interactions with other persons. If we fail to follow the often unspoken rules about these interactions, the consequences will be clear: others will judge us to be socially incompetent. Social competence and the resultant social affiliation have both an individual and a collective social impact. While public schools can certainly not take responsibility for the entire cultural capacity for social affiliation, they can and should take a responsibility for the social competence of those they teach. Administrators will need to determine whether a restructuring of the culture of the school is necessary to achieve socially competent children.

12 Social Context

The school can and does influence the social sanctions that implicate our sociocultural behavior. Therefore it behooves us to begin to dissect those aspects of schools that enhance the ability of students not only to learn, but to become prosocial citizens.

13 Problem Management & Decision Analysis

The enclosed techniques and procedures were developed with materials from a workbook of cognitive behavior techniques titled “Thoughts & Feelings and written by Matthew McKay, Martha Davis, and Patrick Fanning. The workbook was published by New Harbinger...

01 Depression

This material provides a list of techniques and some ‘mortar’ for holding multiple techniques together, while providing more detailed information about the nature of depression. The selection of techniques and how full or sparse the protocol should be for the individual are choices that the clinician will make based upon the severity of the problems the child is experiencing and the unique status of the individual child.

14 Testing Core Beliefs

The enclosed techniques and procedures were developed with materials from a workbook of cognitive behavior techniques titled “Thoughts & Feelings and written by Matthew McKay, Martha Davis, and Patrick Fanning. The workbook was published by New Harbinger...

02 School Refusal

School refusal behavior is a common and highly vexing problem for educators and clinicians. Problematic absenteeism from school has been defined as truancy or school phobia depending on the context or perspective of the observer. But these are dubious labels because they do not represent the recursive experiences that children and their families have when not going to school. This material is a compilation of four protocols to address each of the defined maintaining variables of school refusal.

15 Changing Core Beliefs with Visualization

The enclosed techniques and procedures were developed with materials from a workbook of cognitive behavior techniques titled “Thoughts & Feelings and written by Matthew McKay, Martha Davis, and Patrick Fanning. The workbook was published by New Harbinger...

16 Stress Inoculation for Anger

CognitiveBehaviorTechnique #16 Stress inoculation for Anger Compiled by Jerome R. Gardner2000 - First Edition The enclosed techniques and procedures were developed with materials from a workbook of cognitive behavior techniques titled “Thoughts & Feelings and...

08 Time Out

Time out is a type of strategy that involves the withdrawal of all reinforcement for a specified period of time. Either the student may be removed from the setting or the reinforcer may be withdrawn from the student. The removal or withdrawal takes place after the student has displayed the inappropriate behavior.

07 Systematic Desensitization

Systematic desensitization is a procedure by which new behaviors are learned in response to stimuli that previously elicited other behaviors. Information giving, relaxation training, establishment of hierarchies, and counterconditioning procedures are included in the strategy.

06 Self Management

Self-management strategies involve teaching students how to manage their own behaviors. Students actively participate in the selection of the target behavior for improvement and the behavioral goals, in the antecedent and consequent events, and in the recording and evaluation of the behavioral changes. External or teacher control is minimal.

05 Reality Training

Reality techniques focus on changing both the inner attitudes and the overt behaviors of students through discipline, a warm teacher-student relationship, and questioning procedures.

13 Reality

The classical ideal of objectivity – the idea that the world has a definite state of existence independent of our observing it, has been effectively ravaged by quantum physics. “The actual state of existence depends in part on how we observe it and what we choose to see. Objective reality must be replaced by observer created reality.” [Pagels – 1982] The conceptual framework of observer created reality is carried into the macroworld through the functioning of the mind.

12 Elements of Cognitive Change

INTRODUCTION When a person has an experience, s/he interprets the experience based either upon an ever expanding range of utility [pleasure/pain], upon prior knowledge or based on analogy with prior knowledge. Over time, these interpretations accumulate until the...

11 Perspective & Personality

…ambiguity is pervasive; but the conscious experience of ambiguity is quite rare. [Baar] The illusion to your left has eight different perspectives or ways of delineating relative positions. Some people with study will be able to see all eight perspective and others...

10 Metaphor

The use a field theory as a metaphor for the influences of culture, et al is explored as a think paper.

09 Language & Thinking

Abstract: Human beings have developed consciousness through the use of language symbols. With this innovation, humans became capable of an awareness of their own mental processes and through that event become amenable to modification and adaption of the very schemata which creates their reality. The result is that each individual, within some limitations, has the capacity to modify their own reality to make it more satisfying.

08 Restructuring Judgement

Jeffrey Mishlove in The Roots of Consciousness describes an overview of cognitive science in psychology and provides an outline for consideration of how the intervention of cognitive restructuring works. Psychological research, he tells us, has identified numerous...

07 Culture

The scientific study of human social life must concern itself with two different kinds of phenomena. On one hand, there are the thoughts and feelings that humans experience within their minds; on the other, there are the activities that constitute the human behavior...

06 Communication

Since human services provided to people with problems in living are contingent upon the sharing of information, it is surprising how little concern has been shown in regard to our words. If we intend to help people help themselves, it is imperative that we examine closely our words. It is difficult to change a language. But there is a subtle degree of truth to our language as well. We need to examine truly our own mental schema and evaluate how much we believe these terms. If thinking controls behavior and communication is a behavior, we must posit that the use of words has at least some bearing on our belief system.

05 Belief Systems

What people believe to be true is that which is coherent to their already established cache of truisms. This cache is developed over time and is significantly shaped by the significant people in the environment. Its development is monitored by the rigor with which...

04 Percepts & Concepts

“One of the deepest problems in cognitive science is that of understanding how people make sense of the vast amount of raw data constantly bombarding them from the environment” [Hofstadter, 1995]. How do perceptions occur and formulate conceptions? The lowest...

Theory of Meaning

Theory of Meaning How do people create meaning? There is no meaning without conscious human beings. We create meaning for ourselves in interactive relationships with other human beings. The trainer will present this process and discuss the implications of each aspect...

Theory of Cause

Reading for Trainers I. Theory of Cause - Fundamental Assumption Why do people have problems in living? This requires a review of the literature on human service methods - remember as you are reviewing these models that you are going to be asked to identify the...

Instructional Guide for Training Trainers

Instructional Guide for Training Trainers Associated Content Learning Theory - The Foundation of Cognitive Behavior Management Readings Theory of Cause 13 Theory of Meaning 04 Theory of Change 05 Engagement 13 Messages 06 How the Brain(s) Work 05 Cognitive And...