Group Instruction

Just as play has its difference in relevance, so too, does participation in groups. There is a difference between the interplay between a helper and a client and the interplay among the people in a group. Sometimes the group is helpful, sometime not; it depends on the group and the skill of the leader. Leaders of helping groups must have some skill in using the dynamics of the group to help each individual in the group. However, you will probably find the content and context of the materials very similar to the individual techniques.

Related Content

01 Anger Control

This session focuses on the third elements the anger process, distorted thinking. Often we “talk ourselves” into becoming angry. We make automatic and almost “unheard” comments to ourselves, which flame the anger rising inside of us.

02 Learning Interdependence

Dependency affects the lives of many people. Labeled as co-dependence, it can be defined as “a specific condition that is characterized by preoccupation and extreme dependence (emotionally, socially, and sometimes physically) on a person or object. Eventually, this dependence on another person becomes a condition that affects the person in all other relationships.” Co-dependency hinders marriages, friendships and healthy family functioning. It erodes trust and the ability to have honest and open communication. It blunts a person’s feelings and impedes his/her judgment about reality.

03 Learning Resilience

Paralysis of the will is a striking feature of depression, indicating the underlying hopelessness. Helplessness is the psychological state that frequently results when events are uncontrollable. An event is uncontrollable when we can’t do anything about it; when nothing we do matters. The two crucial concepts are voluntary response and response-outcome independence; these two concepts are intimately related.

04 Standing Up For Me

If I am not for myself, who will be for me? But if I am for myself alone, what am I? And if not now, when? Hillel A competency enhancement group run by Reach First edition - January 2000 CCIU - Assessment & Clinical Services This outline is developed using...

05 Taking Charge of Myself

A competency enhancement group run by Reach First edition - January 2001 CCIU - Assessment & Clinical Services This outline is adapted from Chapter 5, Anger Control Groups by Matthew McKay, PhD. Which appears in the book Focal Group Psychotherapy, Edited by...


Unless specifically noted all materials are written by Jerome R. Gardner. As you will see by the size of the library contents, the materials are substantial. Since most of the writing was developed as think papers and not for publication, there will inevitably be some areas without proper citation. If you come across any, please notify the site manager and it will be rectified. Other than that, readers may use all materials. While I would prefer recognition, it is not necessary.